Chapter 3


Module 3.1


This chapter is about how to decide when to perform a randomized evaluation, which programs or issues should be given priority for testing using this methodology, and which questions can be answered using other methodologies.


Menstruation, Sanitary Products, and School Attendance: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation
A study evaluating claims that menstruation is a barrier to girls’ participation in school.

Determinants of Technology Adoption: Private Value and Peer Effects in Menstrual Cup Take-Up
Summary: The role of peer effects on randomized distribution of menstrual cups in Nepal.

Menstruation as a Barrier to Education?
J-PAL’s policy briefcase of the Nepal study.

Missing in Action: Teacher and Health Worker Absence in Developing Countries
This study is an example of how a descriptive survey can highlight major challenges with implementation.

Conditional Cash Transfers and HIV/
AIDS Prevention: Unconditionally Promising?

Market Inefficiencies and the Adoption of Agricultural Technologies in Developing Countries

External Validity and Partner Selection Bias

Wealth, Health, and Health Services in Rural Rajasthan

Putting a Band-Aid on a Corpse: Incentives for Nurses in the Indian Public Health Care System

Improving Immunisation Coverage in Rural India: A Clustered Randomised Controlled Evaluation of Immunisation Campaigns with and without Incentives


World Development Report

Development Impact Evaluation Initiative

3ie Systematic Reviews

3ie Inform Policy

Innovations for Poverty Action – Proven Impact Initiative

Innovations for Poverty Action -- Ultra Poor Graduation Pilots

J-PAL – Policy Lessons

Handbooks in Economics

Annual Review of Economics

Journal of Economic Perspectives

Cochrane Collaborative Reviews
Cochrane Reviews are systematic reviews of primary research in human health care and health policy, and are internationally recognized as the highest standard in evidence-based health care.


Asking the right questions